Correlates of hysterectomy in Australia

Soc Sci Med. 1992 Apr;34(8):929-42. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(92)90261-n.


With around one in five women undergoing hysterectomy by the age of 50, the prevalence of hysterectomy in Australia is greater than in Europe but less than in the United States. In this paper, data from a nationally representative sample survey of 2547 Australian women aged 20-59 years are employed to identify correlates of hysterectomy and tubal sterilization over the last 30 years. Physiological, socio-economic and supply-side factors all influence the propensity to undergo hysterectomy, and a comparison with the correlates of tubal sterilization reveals parallels and contrasts between the determinants of the two operations. Age and parity are important predictors of hysterectomy. In addition, use of oral contraceptives for at least five years reduces the risk of hysterectomy, as do tubal sterilization, tertiary education and birthplace in Southern Europe. Conversely, risk increases after experiencing side effects with the IUD or repeated foetal losses, or after bearing a third child before the age of 25.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Australia
  • Contraceptives, Oral / therapeutic use
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy / economics
  • Hysterectomy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hysterectomy / trends
  • Life Tables
  • Marriage / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Parity
  • Pregnancy
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sterilization, Tubal / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Contraceptives, Oral