The use of triangulation for completeness purposes

Nurse Res. 2005;12(4):19-29. doi: 10.7748/nr2005.


Triangulation in research refers to the use of multiple techniques for gathering and/or handling data within a single study The original purpose of triangulation was to seek confirmation of apparent findings. There now appears to be support for a second purpose - completeness. This paper reviews the arguments surrounding the use of triangulation, and shows how its use facilitated one researcher's attempt to provide a complete picture of the phenomenon explored in a qualitative study of the adequacy of the nurse education system in Malta.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Certification / standards
  • Data Collection / methods*
  • Data Collection / standards
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical*
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate / standards
  • Education, Nursing, Diploma Programs / standards
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Malta
  • Models, Nursing
  • Models, Organizational
  • Nurses / standards
  • Nursing Education Research / organization & administration*
  • Nursing Methodology Research / organization & administration*
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Philosophy, Nursing
  • Qualitative Research*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design* / standards
  • Time Factors