Psychology at the intersection of work and family: recommendations for employers, working families, and policymakers

Am Psychol. Jul-Aug 2005;60(5):397-409. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.397.


Demographic data show that major changes have been occurring in the everyday lives of families over the last generation, with the majority of mothers of young children in the workforce and an increasing number of men and women assuming caregiving responsibilities for older relatives. Thus, the 2 primary identities of most adults, defined by their multiple family and work roles, need to be coordinated in ways that promote positive family outcomes, returns on investments for employers, and societal values. Despite changes in the workforce, the world of work is still largely organized for a family model that is increasingly rare--one with a stay-at-home caregiver. Recommendations based on psychological and other social science research are offered to align the needs of working families and employers.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Caregivers
  • Child
  • Employment
  • Family Relations*
  • Female
  • Gender Identity*
  • Humans
  • Intergenerational Relations
  • Male
  • Psychology / trends*
  • Public Policy*
  • Social Conditions
  • Workplace*