Repeated thermal therapy diminishes appetite loss and subjective complaints in mildly depressed patients

Psychosom Med. Jul-Aug 2005;67(4):643-7. doi: 10.1097/01.psy.0000171812.67767.8f.

Abstract

Objective: We observed that repeated thermal therapy improved appetite loss and general well-being in patients with chronic heart failure. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of repeated thermal therapy in mildly depressed patients with appetite loss and subjective complaints.

Methods: Twenty-eight mildly depressed inpatients with general fatigue, appetite loss, and somatic and mental complaints were randomly assigned to thermal therapy group (n = 14) or nonthermal therapy group (n = 14). Patients in the thermal therapy group were treated with 60 degrees C far-infrared ray dry sauna for 15 minutes and were then kept at bed rest with a blanket for 30 minutes once a day, 5 days a week for a total of 20 sessions in 4 weeks.

Results: Four weeks after admission, somatic complaints, hunger, and relaxation scores significantly improved (p < .001, p < .0001, p < .0001, respectively) and mental complaints slightly improved (p = .054) in the thermal therapy group compared with the nonthermal therapy group. Furthermore, the plasma ghrelin concentrations and daily caloric intake in the thermal therapy group significantly increased compared with the nonthermal therapy group (p < .05).

Conclusions: These findings suggest that repeated thermal therapy may be useful for mildly depressed patients with appetite loss and subjective complaints.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / complications
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Energy Intake / physiology
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / blood
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / etiology
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders / therapy*
  • Female
  • Ghrelin
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptide Hormones / blood
  • Peptide Hormones / physiology

Substances

  • Ghrelin
  • Peptide Hormones