A newly developed compound derived by fermentation, isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO), was hypothesized to enrich cecal bifidobacterial populations and reduce colonization levels of Salmonella in the ceca of broiler chickens. Broiler starter diets were prepared with final IMO concentrations of 1% (wt/wt), 2% (wt/wt), and 4% (wt/wt) and a control diet without IMO supplementation. Chickens were divided into 4 groups and challenged with 10(8) cell of Salmonlella enterica ser. Typhimurium with 200 microg/mL nalidixic acid resistant (S. Typhimurium Nalr) after 7 d of placement. The experiment was done in 3 replications. IMO-supplemented diets resulted in significantly higher cecal bifidobacteria compared with the control diet (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in bifidobacteria counts among the treatment groups. Chickens fed diets with 1% IMO had a significant 2-log reduction in the level of inoculated S. Typhimurium Nalr (P < 0.05) present in, the ceca compared with the control group, but no differences were found between the control group and the groups fed 2 or 4% IMO for S. Typhimurium Nalr. No differences in feed consumption, feed conversion, or feed efficiency compared with the control group were observed; however, the result showed a significant reduction in weight for birds fed 1% IMO diet compared with those fed the control diet.