We investigated the effect of 5-HT receptor antagonists on mechanical hyperalgesia observed in a neuropathic pain rat model prepared by chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve. NAN-190, a 5-HT 1A receptor antagonist, (-)-pindolol, a 5-HT 1A/1B receptor antagonist, and tropisetron, a 5-HT(3/4) receptor antagonist, did not affect the pain threshold in the hyperalgesic hind limb to the same extent as in the normal hind limb. However, sarpogrelate and ketanserin, 5-HT 2A receptor antagonists, significantly elevated the pain threshold in the hyperalgesic hind limb, but not in the normal hind limb. In spite of its high affinity for the 5-HT 2A receptor, methysergide only slightly elevated the pain threshold in the hyperalgesic hind limb. Pre-treatment with methysergide significantly antagonized the inhibitory effect of sarpogrelate on hyperalgesia. Furthermore, the 5-HT 2A receptor specific binding activity of 3H-ketanserin determined for the hyperalgesic hind limb did not differ from that of the normal hind limb. From these results, we propose that the 5-HT 2A receptor in the hyperalgesic hind paw function as an agonist-independent active receptor following constriction of the sciatic nerve, and that sarpogrelate and ketanserin act as inverse agonists of this receptor and suppress its activation. Methysergide may act as a neutral antagonist that blocks the effect of inverse agonists on the 5-HT 2A receptor.