Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in gestational diabetes among pregnant women in New York City, 1990-2001

Am J Public Health. 2005 Sep;95(9):1536-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.066100. Epub 2005 Jul 28.

Abstract

We analyzed gestational diabetes mellitus trends in New York City between 1990 and 2001 by using information obtained from birth certificates. Gestational diabetes diagnoses among women who delivered babies increased 46%, from 2.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.5, 2.7) to 3.8% (95% CI=3.7, 3.9) of births. Prevalence was highest among South and Central Asian women (11%). Given risks for adverse fetal outcomes and maternal chronic diabetes, prompt screening is critical. Metabolic control should be maintained during pregnancy and assessed postpartum for women with gestational diabetes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Birth Certificates
  • Diabetes, Gestational / epidemiology
  • Diabetes, Gestational / ethnology*
  • Ethnic Groups / classification
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Care
  • Prevalence
  • Socioeconomic Factors