Combined angioplasty and pharmacological intervention versus thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction (CAPITAL AMI study)

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Aug 2;46(3):417-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.04.042.


Objectives: We compared a strategy of tenecteplase (TNK)-facilitated angioplasty with one of TNK alone in patients presenting with high-risk ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Background: Previous trials show that thrombolysis followed by immediate angioplasty for the treatment of STEMI does not improve ischemic outcomes compared with thrombolysis alone and is associated with excessive bleeding complications. Since the publication of these trials, however, significant pharmacological and technological advances have occurred.

Methods: We randomized 170 patients with high-risk STEMI to treatment with TNK alone (84 patients) or TNK-facilitated angioplasty (86 patients). The primary end point was a composite of death, reinfarction, recurrent unstable ischemia, or stroke at six months.

Results: At six months, the incidence of the primary end point was 24.4% in the TNK-alone group versus 11.6% in the TNK-facilitated angioplasty group (p = 0.04). This difference was driven by a reduction in the rate of recurrent unstable ischemia (20.7% vs. 8.1%, p = 0.03). There was a trend toward a lower reinfarction rate with TNK-facilitated angioplasty (14.6% vs. 5.8%, p = 0.07). No significant differences were observed in the rates of death or stroke. Major bleeding was observed in 7.1% of the TNK-alone group and in 8.1% of the TNK-facilitated angioplasty group (p = 1.00).

Conclusions: In patients presenting with high-risk STEMI, TNK plus immediate angioplasty reduced the risk of recurrent ischemic events compared with TNK alone and was not associated with an increase in major bleeding complications.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / methods*
  • Aspirin / therapeutic use*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Restenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Restenosis / epidemiology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Probability
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tenecteplase
  • Thrombolytic Therapy / methods*
  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Tissue Plasminogen Activator
  • Aspirin
  • Tenecteplase