This study evaluated and compared the efficacy of sirolimus-eluting stents (n = 145 patients) with that of paclitaxel-eluting stents (n = 148 patients) in 293 consecutive unselected patients who had diabetes mellitus. Baseline clinical characteristics and presentations were similar: mean age of 64 years, 50% presented with unstable angina or myocardial infarction, and 66% had multivessel disease. Angiographic and procedural characteristics differed, with more complex lesions and more vein grafts managed in the paclitaxel-eluting stent group. Overall mean stented length was 46 +/- 32 mm. There were no differences in unadjusted outcomes by stent type (1-year major adverse cardiac event rates of 20.4% for sirolimus-eluting stents vs 15.6% for paclitaxel-eluting stents, p = 0.12) or when adjusted for multivariate predictors (adjusted hazard ratio 0.68, 95% confidence interval 0.37 to 1.24, p = 0.21). Independent predictors of outcome in patients who had diabetes mellitus were stenting of the left main artery, stenting of the left anterior descending artery, creatinine clearance, and female gender. Patients who required insulin had a significantly higher, crude major adverse cardiac event rate at 1 year compared with those who used oral agents, but this rate became nonsignificant when adjusted for independent predictors of outcome.