Endovascular treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms

Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2005;94:87-91. doi: 10.1007/3-211-27911-3_13.

Abstract

76 consecutive patients with 78 unruptured cerebral aneurysms underwent endovascular therapy from July 1999 to May 2004 in our institute. For the wide-necked aneurysms, the remodeling technique, double microcatheter technique, or stent-assisted coil embolization was used, while a parent artery occlusion or covered stent was applied for the giant or fusiform aneurysms. Immediate angiographical results demonstrated 33 complete occlusions, 26 neck remnants, and 14 dome fillings. Four cases were treated with parent occlusion or stenting only, and one case was not treated with embolization but with clipping due to the rupture of the aneurysm during coil embolization. Immediate angiographic findings demonstrated that in aneurysms between 5 to 10 mm, the rate of complete occlusion was 48%, that of neck remnants 33%, and that of dome fillings 27%. In aneurysms between 11 to 25 mm, the rate of complete occlusion was 14%, that of neck remnants 28%, and that of dome fillings was 58%. In the angiographic follow-up results, all aneurysms smaller than 5 mm showed complete occlusion. In aneurysms between 5 to 10 mm, 74% of the aneurysms showed complete occlusion, and 21% showed neck remnants, and 5% showed dome filling. In aneurysms between 10 to 24 mm, 25% showed complete occlusion, while 75% showed dome filling. The overall mortality rate was 0% and the morbidity rate was 3.7% (2 major strokes, 1 minor stroke) at 30-days after embolization. In the clinical follow-up study, one case of a large basilar tip aneurysm caused a fatal rupture 28 months after the initial embolization. Endovascular therapy was performed on the unruptured aneurysms and was found to be an acceptable treatment, except for durability in cases of large aneurysms.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / diagnosis
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / epidemiology
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / surgery
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / instrumentation
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnosis
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / mortality*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data*