Homeless near a thousand homes: outcomes of homeless youth in a crisis shelter

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2005 Jul;75(3):347-55. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.75.3.347.


Clients who received crisis services at a homeless shelter for transition-aged youth were recruited for a study to describe the youth served, to track outcomes of care, and to examine factors associated with differing outcomes. Participants were 202 men and women who completed a battery of interviews and self-report measures at intake and at 3 follow-up points. Youth served had experienced high levels of adversity and trauma and typically had poor educational and vocational preparation. A multidisciplinary array of services was provided, and overall, participants showed significant improvement from intake to discharge and in the 6 months after discharge. Background, service, and psychological factors did not predict housing outcomes. Better vocational outcome was associated with more recent work experience. Results point to the need for providers of services to the homeless to be aware of the distinct needs and characteristics of transition-aged youth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Crisis Intervention*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Homeless Persons / psychology*
  • Homeless Persons / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Residential Facilities*
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires