Exploring the role of emotions in injustice perceptions and retaliation

J Appl Psychol. 2005 Jul;90(4):629-43. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.90.4.629.


Although organizational justice scholars often describe unfairness as an emotionally laden experience, the role of emotion is underresearched. In a study of individuals who experienced being laid off (N = 173), the authors found that outcome favorability interacts with both procedural and interactional justice to predict participants' emotions. The pattern of interaction differed for inward-focused (i.e., shame and guilt) and outward-focused (i.e., anger and hostility) negative emotions. Attributions of blame mediated the relationship between fairness perceptions and outward-focused negative emotion. Outward-focused emotion mediated the relationship between fairness perceptions and retaliation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Affect*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Social Justice*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires