Selegiline, a monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, is reported to improve memory and learning in dementia of Alzheimer's type. However, only a few studies have reported its use in animal models. Here, we evaluated the effects of selegiline only or its combined use with donepezil, a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor on memory impairment, using a Morris water maze. Selegiline dose-dependently attenuated ethylcholine aziridinium ion-induced memory impairment. Co-administration of selegiline and donepezil, at doses that do not exert efficacy individually, significantly ameliorated scopolamine+p-chlorophenylalanine-induced memory deficits. These results suggest that selegiline improves memory impairment mediated by the cholinergic system, and provide evidence of the usefulness of co-treatment with selegiline and donepezil for treating spatial deficits in dementia.