The growth of 171 seven-year-old children, free from major disability, with a birth weight of 2000 g or less was examined and compared with that of their own parents and of normal-birth-weight peers. Measurements included height, weight, occipitofrontal circumference, biparietal, occipitofrontal and bi-iliac diameters, triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness. Low-birth-weight children were shorter than their parents whereas those of normal birth weight were taller. For all parameters, particularly weight, the low-birth-weight children were significantly less well grown. There was no significant relationship between occipitofrontal circumference and intellectual ability.