Cold snare excision of small colorectal polyps

Gastrointest Endosc. May-Jun 1992;38(3):310-3. doi: 10.1016/s0016-5107(92)70422-2.

Abstract

This study describes a new technique for excision of small colorectal polyps in a series of 210 consecutive patients, who had total colonoscopy, and in whom any clotting problems had been excluded. A total of 288 small polyps of 5 mm or less in diameter were transected by mechanical strangulation with a polypectomy snare, but without applying any electrical energy. All polyps were recovered whole and sent for histologic examination. No case of perforation, serious bleeding, or mortality was recorded, nor was there any need for blood transfusion because of sudden or delayed bleeding. Of the small polyps, 56% were adenomas, 43% hyperplastic, and 1% were other types. No invasive cancer was found, but in seven small adenomas severe dysplasia was observed. No correlation between the macroscopic appearance of small polyps at endoscopy and their nature at histology was found. Our data confirm that all visible polypoid lesions of the colon should be removed, and that cold snare excision of small polyps is a safe and effective alternative method of treatment in patients without clotting problems.

MeSH terms

  • Colon / pathology
  • Colonic Polyps / pathology
  • Colonic Polyps / therapy*
  • Colonoscopy*
  • Humans
  • Polyps / pathology
  • Polyps / therapy*
  • Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Rectal Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Rectum / pathology
  • Surgical Instruments