Daily time spent indoors in German homes--baseline data for the assessment of indoor exposure of German occupants

Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2005;208(4):247-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2005.03.003.


Comprehensive time-activity studies, for use as a basis for estimates of personal exposure, are not readily available in Germany. This analysis of time spent indoors at home is based on data from "Dampness and mould in homes" (2000/ 2001)--a study of about 12,000 persons living in 5530 randomly selected apartments and houses in Germany. The results show the mean times per day people in Germany spend in their homes, classified by gender, age group, building location, city size, region, building type, owner-occupier status, number of people at home, smoking and ventilation habits, moisture emission and ill health factors such as asthma, allergy and number of acute respiratory infections per year. The overall mean time spent at home, 15.7 h per, is in accordance with results from US-American (15.6 h/day) and Canadian (15.8 h/day) human activity surveys carried out in the nineties, as well as being consistent with the German Environmental Survey (1990/92) and a small German study in 1987.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Air Pollution, Indoor*
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Germany / epidemiology
  • Housing*
  • Humans
  • Humidity
  • Hypersensitivity / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Time Factors
  • Ventilation