Genetic resistance to plant viruses has been used for at least 80 years to control agricultural losses to viral diseases. To date, hundreds of naturally occurring genes for resistance to plant viruses have been reported from studies of both monocot and dicot crops, their wild relatives, and the plant model, Arabidopsis. The isolation and characterization of a few of these genes in the past decade have resulted in detailed knowledge of some of the molecules that are critical in determining the outcome of plant viral infection. In this chapter, we have catalogued genes for resistance to plant viruses and have summarized current knowledge regarding their identity and inheritance. Insofar as information is available, the genetic context, genomic organization, mechanisms of resistance and agricultural deployment of plant virus resistance genes are also discussed.