Binding of the coenzyme and formation of the transketolase active center

IUBMB Life. 2005 Jul;57(7):491-7. doi: 10.1080/15216540500167203.

Abstract

Transketolase (TK) is a homodimer, the simplest representative of thiamine diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzymes. It was first ThDP-dependent enzymes the crystal structure of which has been solved and revealed the general fold for this class of enzymes and the interactions of the non-covalently bound coenzyme ThDP with the protein component. Transketolase is a convenient model to study the structure(s) of the active center and the mechanism of action of ThDP-dependent enzymes. This review summarizes the results of studies on the kinetics of the interaction of ThDP with TK from Saccharomyces cerevisiae as well as the generation of the catalytically active form of the coenzyme within the holoenzyme and formation of the enzyme's active center.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catalytic Domain / physiology*
  • Coenzymes / chemistry*
  • Coenzymes / metabolism*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Thiamine Pyrophosphate / chemistry
  • Thiamine Pyrophosphate / metabolism*
  • Transketolase / chemistry*
  • Transketolase / metabolism*
  • Transketolase / physiology

Substances

  • Coenzymes
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Transketolase
  • Thiamine Pyrophosphate