Nurse migration from Zimbabwe: analysis of recent trends and impacts

Nurs Inq. 2005 Sep;12(3):162-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1800.2005.00273.x.


The migration of nursing professionals from developing countries such as Zimbabwe to industrialised countries is taking place at an alarming rate, with little signs of slowing down. In Africa, nurses form the backbone of the healthcare delivery system and their migration has a huge negative impact on health service provision. Drawing on evidence from selected health institutions, the paper shows the magnitude of migration of nurses from Zimbabwe. The paper also shows that public to private health sector migration of nurses is occurring at a significant rate. The effects of such movements are examined in detail. For instance, at the health institution level, nurse migration has led to staff shortages, and health institutions located in the disadvantaged areas have been the worst affected. The paper calls for the adoption of an integrated approach in managing and addressing the concerns of the nursing professionals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Developed Countries
  • Emigration and Immigration / trends*
  • Female
  • Foreign Professional Personnel*
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Policy
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Male
  • Midwifery
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Nurses / psychology
  • Nurses / supply & distribution*
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling
  • Workforce
  • Zimbabwe / ethnology