Rickets and Vitamin D Deficiency in Children and Adolescents

Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2005 Sep;34(3):537-53, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.ecl.2005.04.002.


This article discusses the pathogenesis, epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of nutritional rickets in children, highlighting the roles of exclusive breastfeeding and low dietary calcium intakes in its pathogenesis. The worldwide nature of the problem is described. Preventive strategies are discussed, and various treatment options are provided.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Nutrition Disorders / complications
  • Rickets* / etiology
  • Rickets* / physiopathology
  • Rickets* / prevention & control
  • Rickets* / therapy
  • Vitamin D Deficiency* / complications
  • Vitamin D Deficiency* / etiology
  • Vitamin D Deficiency* / prevention & control
  • Vitamin D Deficiency* / therapy