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, 94 (4), 1054-62

High-affinity Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligand, PK11195, Regulates Protein Phosphorylation in Rat Brain Mitochondria Under Control of Ca(2+)

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High-affinity Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligand, PK11195, Regulates Protein Phosphorylation in Rat Brain Mitochondria Under Control of Ca(2+)

T Azarashvili et al. J Neurochem.

Abstract

The effects of PK11195, a high-affinity peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) ligand, on protein phosphorylation in isolated purified rat brain mitochondria were investigated. The isoquinoline carboxamide ligand of PBR, PK11195, but not the benzodiazepine ligand Ro5-4864, in the nanomolar concentration range strongly increased the phosphorylation of 3.5 and 17 kDa polypeptides. The effect of PK11195 was seen in the presence of elevated Ca(2+) levels (3 x 10(-7) to 10(-6) m), but not at very low Ca(2+) levels (10(-8) to 3 x 10(-8) m). This indicates that PBR involves Ca(2+) as a second messenger in the regulation of protein phosphorylation. Staurosporine, an inhibitor of protein kinase activity was able to suppress the PK11195-promoted protein phosphorylation. When the permeability transition pore (PTP) was opened by threshold Ca(2+) load, phosphorylation of the 3.5-kDa polypeptide was diminished, but strong phosphorylation of the 43-kDa protein was revealed. The 43-kDa protein appears to be a PTP-specific phosphoprotein. If PTP was opened, PK11195 did not increase the phosphorylation of the 3.5 and 17-kDa proteins but suppressed the phosphorylation of the PTP-specific 43-kDa phosphoprotein. The ability of PK11195 to increase the protein phosphorylation, which was lost under Ca(2+)-induced PTP opening, was restored again in the presence of calmidazolium, an antagonist of calmodulin and inhibitor of protein phosphatase PP2B. These results show a tight interaction of PBR with the PTP complex in rat brain mitochondria. In conclusion, a novel function of PBR in brain mitochondria has been revealed, and the PBR-mediated protein phosphorylation has to be considered an important element of the PBR-associated signal transducing cascades in mitochondria and cells.

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