Objective: We collected information on lifetime occupational histories, smoking, and alcohol consumption from 15,463 incident cancer cases. Occupational risk factors for bladder cancer are presented in this report.
Method: A matched case-control design was used. All cases were diagnosed with bladder cancers, with controls being internal controls consisting of all other cancer sites, excluding lung and unknown primary. Data were analyzed using conditional logistic regression for matched sets data and the likelihood ratio test.
Results: Excess bladder cancer risks was observed in a number of occupation and industries, particularly those involving exposure to metals, including aluminum, paint and solvents, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, diesel engine emissions, and textiles.
Conclusions: The results of our study are in line with those from the literature and further suggest that exposure to silica and to electromagnetic fields may carry an increased risk of bladder cancer.