Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is one of the most common malignant tumors of the salivary glands. It tends to grow slowly but is associated with a poor prognosis compared to other malignant salivary gland tumors. To identify specific markers of ACC, we examined protein expression profiling in ACC xenograft and normal salivary glands (NSG) using fluorescent 2-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2-D-DIGE), an emerging technique for comparative proteomics, that improves the reproducibility and reliability of differential protein expression analysis between the samples. To identify the proteins, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight peptide mass fingerprinting was carried out. Using these strategies, we detected 4 upregulated proteins and 5 downregulated proteins in ACC xenograft. Maspin and stathmin were selected for further analyses. Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining showed a higher expression of these proteins in ACC xenograft and clinical ACC tissue compared to NSG. Furthermore, Expression of these proteins was correlated with the histologic grading of ACC (n = 10). Therefore, our data indicate that maspin and stathmin may be not only useful biomarkers of ACC but also markers of biologic behavior in this tumor.
Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.