Haplotyping of STR cluster DXS6801-DXS6809-DXS6789 on Xq21 provides a powerful tool for kinship testing

Int J Legal Med. 2005 Nov;119(6):363-9. doi: 10.1007/s00414-005-0550-z. Epub 2005 Aug 11.


Short tandem repeat (STR) markers DXS6801 (GATA41B11), DXS6809 (GATA69B129) and DXS6789 (GATA31F01) are located in a 3-Mb region on human chromosome Xq21, spanning approximately 3-6 cM. Theoretically, this cluster could give rise to 1,144 different haplotypes in the German population. In fact, genotyping of 806 males revealed the presence of 207 different haplotypes. Since the three STRs have been shown to be in strong linkage disequilibrium (LD), haplotype frequencies cannot be computed on the basis of single locus allele frequencies alone, but have to be estimated directly instead. In this work, we present data on linkage, haplotype frequencies and LD in the German population. To highlight the potential of the STR cluster for forensic analysis, we also report two examples of its successful application in pedigree-based kinship testing.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, X*
  • DNA Fingerprinting / methods*
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Genetics, Population
  • Genotype
  • Haplotypes*
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Male
  • Pedigree
  • Tandem Repeat Sequences