A randomized pilot study of cognitive-behavioral therapy versus basic health education for smoking cessation among cancer patients

Ann Behav Med. 2005 Aug;30(1):1-11. doi: 10.1207/s15324796abm3001_1.

Abstract

Background: Previously, we have linked theoretically based cognitive and emotional variables to the ability of cancer patients to quit smoking.

Purpose: In this study, we evaluated the impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which addressed these theoretically derived cognitive and emotional variables linked to tobacco use in this population, for promoting smoking cessation in a sample of cancer patients and assessed longitudinal predictors of smoking cessation.

Methods: Cancer patients (N=109) were randomized to either the theoretically based CBT intervention or to a general health education (GHE) condition, and all patients received nicotine replacement therapy.

Results: Contrary to our expectation, no significant difference in 30-day point-prevalence abstinence between the CBT and GHE conditions was detected at either a 1-month (44.9 vs. 47.3%, respectively) or 3-month (43.2% vs. 39.2%, respectively) follow-up evaluation. Higher quit motivation and lower cons of quitting were related to smoking cessation.

Conclusions: Implications for the implementation of smoking cessation behavioral treatments in the oncologic context are discussed, as are directions for future research in this area.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / complications
  • Humans
  • Motivation
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome