Background: First-generation immunometric assays for "intact" parathyroid hormone (iPTH) also measure large N-terminally truncated PTH fragments, whereas second-generation assays, such as the "bio-intact" PTH (biPTH) assay, measure only full-length biologically active PTH(1-84). This study compared iPTH and biPTH assays during cinacalcet treatment in subjects with secondary HPT receiving dialysis.
Methods: Four hundred and ten subjects were enrolled in a 26-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral cinacalcet (or placebo), 30 to 180 mg once daily, and efficacy was assessed using biPTH and iPTH assays.
Results: Compared with control treatment, cinacalcet improved the management of secondary HPT. Both biPTH and iPTH decreased by 38%+/- 3% during weeks 13 to 26 in the cinacalcet group; biPTH increased by 23%+/- 4% and iPTH increased by 9.5%+/- 3% in the control group (P < 0.001). Fifty-six percent of cinacalcet subjects and 10% of control subjects had a > or = 30% reduction in biPTH, and 61% and 11%, respectively, had a > or = 30% reduction in iPTH. Significant correlations between biPTH and iPTH levels were observed throughout the study. Both assays correlated similarly with bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels. The ratio of biPTH to iPTH was maintained at 56% +/- 1% after treatment in both treatment groups. Increasing serum calcium levels were associated with a decreasing ratio of biPTH to (iPTH-biPTH).
Conclusion: These data show that PTH can be monitored with either iPTH or biPTH assays during therapy with cinacalcet, and that cinacalcet therapy does not exert a major influence on the ratio between PTH(1-84) and large, N-terminally truncated PTH fragments.