Purpose: To measure the shift of an accommodating plate-haptic intraocular lens (IOL) along the visual axis induced by ciliary muscle contraction after application of pilocarpine.
Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Methods: Fifty-four eyes of 28 patients with age-related cataract comprised this prospective study. Each patient received an AT-45 silicone accommodating IOL (Crystalens, Eyeonics Corp.) after standardized cataract surgery. In a subgroup of 24 eyes, capsular bag fibrosis was reduced by extensive polishing of the anterior capsule with a slit cannula. Assessment included measurements of anterior chamber depth, assessed with partial coherence interferometry, before and after application of pilocarpine 2% and evaluation of near visual acuity 1 month and 3 months postoperatively.
Results: A slight backward shift of the IOL of 151 mum in the nonpolished group (P < .001) and 122 mum in the polished group (P < .005) could be detected after application of pilocarpine. Polishing the capsule did not influence IOL shift. The median near visual acuity with distance correction 1 month and 3 months postoperatively was J5 and J4, respectively, in the nonpolished group and J6 at both times in the polished group.
Conclusions: Pilocarpine induced a counterproductive active backward shift of the AT-45 IOL. Polishing of the capsular bag had no impact on accommodative ability. The reading performance of patients with the AT-45 IOL patients at 1 and 3 months was not significantly different from that of with a standard IOL under similar testing methods.