Differences in education, knowledge, self-management activities, and health outcomes for patients with heart failure cared for under the chronic disease model: the improving chronic illness care evaluation

J Card Fail. 2005 Aug;11(6):405-13. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2005.03.010.


Background: The objective of this study was to determine whether participation in a quality improvement (QI) collaborative for heart failure (HF) was associated with better interpersonal aspects of care and health outcomes.

Methods and results: We conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey of patients in 6 organizations who participated in a QI collaborative for HF (participants, n = 387) and 6 comparable control organizations (controls, n = 414) and measured provider-patient communication, education received, knowledge of HF, self-management behaviors, satisfaction, and quality of life. The participant group patients were more likely to report their doctor and nurse discussed treatment options and reviewed self-management (P < .01 for both). A total of 88% of participants were told to weigh themselves daily and record their weight compared with 34% of controls (P < .01). Participants were more likely to know how often to check their weight (P < .01), recognize symptoms of worsening HF (P < or = .01 for all), have a scale (P = .002), and monitor their weight daily (P < .001). Participants had similar quality of life but fewer emergency department visits and hospitalizations.

Conclusion: Participation in a QI collaborative for HF was associated with better communication, education, and knowledge, and lower health care use. Collaboratives may be a useful method for disseminating quality improvement strategies.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attitude to Health
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Delivery of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Heart Failure / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Knowledge*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nurse-Patient Relations
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Care*
  • Self Efficacy