Evaluating program effects on institutional delivery in Peru

Health Policy. 2006 Jul;77(2):221-32. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2005.07.007. Epub 2005 Aug 18.


We evaluate the joint effects of two targeted Peruvian health programs on a mother's choice of whether to deliver in a public emergency obstetric care (EmOC) facility. The national maternal and child health insurance, or SMI Program, provided delivery care coverage to Peru's poorest households beginning in 1998. During 1996-2002, Proyecto 2000 sought to improve the quality of EmOC and increase utilization of public EmOC facilities in the districts reporting the highest maternal and neonatal mortality levels. Our data come from the Proyecto 2000 endline evaluation, which sampled 5335 mothers living in the catchment areas of 29 treatment and 29 matched control EmOC facilities. Using propensity scoring and two quality of care indices, we find significantly higher quality of care in Proyecto 2000 treatment facilities. Using variance components logistic models, we find a mother enrolled in the SMI Program was more likely to have delivered her last child in a public EmOC, controlling for household constraints. Residence in a Proyecto 2000 treatment area did not significantly affect the choice. A cross-level interaction term was insignificant, indicating the two program effects were independent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Catchment Area, Health
  • Choice Behavior*
  • Delivery, Obstetric*
  • Educational Status
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Hospitals, Public / standards
  • Hospitals, Public / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Maternal Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Maternal Health Services / standards
  • Maternal Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Peru
  • Pilot Projects
  • Poverty
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnant Women / psychology*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care