Assimilating cell sheets and hybrid scaffolds for dermal tissue engineering

J Biomed Mater Res A. 2005 Nov 1;75(2):425-38. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.30454.

Abstract

Cell sheets can be used to produce neo-tissue with mature extracellular matrix. However, extensive contraction of cell sheets remains a problem. We devised a technique to overcome this problem and applied it to tissue engineer a dermal construct. Human dermal fibroblasts were cultured with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-collagen meshes and collagen-hyaluronic acid foams. Resulting cell sheets were folded over the scaffolds to form dermal constructs. Human keratinocytes were cultured on these dermal constructs to assess their ability to support bilayered skin regeneration. Dermal constructs produced with collagen-hyaluronic acid foams showed minimal contraction, while those with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-collagen meshes curled up. Cell proliferation and metabolic activity profiles were characterized with PicoGreen and AlamarBlue assays, respectively. Fluorescent labeling showed high cell viability and F-actin expression within the constructs. Collagen deposition was detected by immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy. Transforming Growth Factor-alpha and beta1, Keratinocyte Growth Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor were produced at various stages of culture, measured by RT-PCR and ELISA. These results indicated that assimilating cell sheets with mechanically stable scaffolds could produce viable dermal-like constructs that do not contract. Repeated enzymatic treatment cycles for cell expansion is unnecessary, while the issue of poor cell seeding efficiency in scaffolds is eliminated.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry
  • Biocompatible Materials / metabolism
  • Cell Culture Techniques*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Collagen / chemistry
  • Collagen / metabolism
  • DNA / metabolism
  • Dermis* / cytology
  • Dermis* / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / chemistry
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / ultrastructure
  • Growth Substances / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid / chemistry
  • Hyaluronic Acid / metabolism
  • Keratinocytes / metabolism
  • Keratinocytes / ultrastructure
  • Lactic Acid / chemistry
  • Lactic Acid / metabolism
  • Materials Testing
  • Polyglycolic Acid / chemistry
  • Polyglycolic Acid / metabolism
  • Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer
  • Polymers / chemistry
  • Polymers / metabolism
  • Tissue Engineering*

Substances

  • Actins
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Growth Substances
  • Polymers
  • Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer
  • Polyglycolic Acid
  • Lactic Acid
  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Collagen
  • DNA