ARAMIS project: a more explicit demonstration of risk control through the use of bow-tie diagrams and the evaluation of safety barrier performance

J Hazard Mater. 2006 Mar 31;130(3):220-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.07.010. Epub 2005 Aug 16.


Over the last two decades a growing interest for risk analysis has been noted in the industries. The ARAMIS project has defined a methodology for risk assessment. This methodology has been built to help the industrialist to demonstrate that they have a sufficient risk control on their site. Risk analysis consists first in the identification of all the major accidents, assuming that safety functions in place are inefficient. This step of identification of the major accidents uses bow-tie diagrams. Secondly, the safety barriers really implemented on the site are taken into account. The barriers are identified on the bow-ties. An evaluation of their performance (response time, efficiency, and level of confidence) is performed to validate that they are relevant for the expected safety function. At last, the evaluation of their probability of failure enables to assess the frequency of occurrence of the accident. The demonstration of the risk control based on a couple gravity/frequency of occurrence is also possible for all the accident scenarios. During the risk analysis, a practical tool called risk graph is used to assess if the number and the reliability of the safety functions for a given cause are sufficient to reach a good risk control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
  • Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data
  • Causality
  • Chemical Industry / organization & administration
  • Chemical Industry / standards*
  • Containment of Biohazards / methods*
  • Decision Trees
  • Environmental Exposure / prevention & control*
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Hazardous Substances*
  • Humans
  • Program Evaluation
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Safety Management / methods*


  • Hazardous Substances