Continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring in patients with sleep disorders

Physiol Res. 1992;41(1):11-7.


Sleep related breathing disorders are of high prevalence and are often associated with essential hypertension. It is therefore necessary to study blood pressure continuously in all patients with sleep related breathing disorders and arterial hypertension as well as in all patients with essential hypertension and suspected sleep apnoea. To investigate the usefulness of a non-invasive continuous volume-clamp method during sleep we used this technique in parallel with 130 sleep recordings and performed a validation study of the Finapres instrument on a subgroup where continuous invasive blood pressure recordings were available. Absolute pressure values of Finapres are valid when the position and the movement of the sensor were carefully observed and only appropriate segments of the recordings were taken for further evaluation. The high beat to beat resolution of the systolic and diastolic pressure is the main advantage of this non-invasive technique because it reflects rapid blood pressure variations as they occur in sleep related breathing disorders. This could be investigated only invasively until now.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure Determination / methods*
  • Humans
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology*