Prescribing Antimicrobial Agents for Dogs and Cats via University Pharmacies in Finland--patterns and Quality of Information

Acta Vet Scand. 2005;46(1-2):87-93. doi: 10.1186/1751-0147-46-87.

Abstract

The aim of our study was to evaluate antimicrobial use in dogs and cats in Finland. Information on veterinary prescriptions was gathered from University Pharmacies (n=17) over a one-month period, April 2001. A total of 2719 prescriptions for veterinary use were delivered, of which the majority were for dogs (70%, n=1898) and cats (14%, n=384). The most prescribed therapy group was per-oral antimicrobial agents (53%, n=1449), of which 16% (n=237) were medicines approved for humans. The most commonly used substances for dogs and cats were betalactams, 66% and 78%, respectively. The proportion of fluoroquinolones was 3-5%. The average duration of the treatment periods was 10 days with the exception of treatment of cats with macrolide-lincosamides, where the mean period was 20 days. Indication was mentioned only in 37% of the prescriptions.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Infective Agents / classification
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Cat Diseases / drug therapy
  • Cats
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dog Diseases / drug therapy
  • Dogs
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Pharmacies
  • Records
  • Veterinary Drugs / administration & dosage
  • Veterinary Drugs / classification
  • Veterinary Drugs / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Veterinary Drugs