In 2002-2003, the Italian Association for Neuroimmunology (AINI) ran a program for procedure and method standardization in neuroimmunology. The main purposes of the program were: a) to improve the overall quality of analytical performance and, simultaneously, to reduce costs by resource optimization; b) to establish the bases for clinical guidelines in neurology; c) to promote the formation of laboratory networks and of joint research projects; d) to facilitate the procedures for certification required by governmental/non-governmental agencies. This report summarizes the consensus recommendations of a panel of AINI neuroimmunologists/biochemists involved in the field of cerebrospinal fluid examination. The collection process for said recommendations was guided by "impact-factored" literature and the knowledge of the experts involved. Communication was by email and face-to-face at two dedicated AINI workshops.