Universal newborn screening for permanent childhood hearing impairment: an 8-year follow-up of a controlled trial

Lancet. 2005 Aug;366(9486):660-2. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67138-3.


An 8-year follow-up study of the birth cohort of babies enrolled in the Wessex controlled trial of universal newborn screening (UNS) for permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) was undertaken to establish whether UNS would increase the proportion of all true cases of PCHI in children aged 7-9 years who are referred early. The proportion referred before 6 months of age increased from 11 of 35 (31%) children with true PCHI born during periods without UNS to 23 of 31 (74%) born during periods with UNS (difference 43%, 95% CI 19-60). UNS leads to early referral of PCHI.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Cohort Studies
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hearing Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neonatal Screening*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sensitivity and Specificity