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, 34 (3), 230-6

Effect of CPP-ACP Paste on Mechanical Properties of Bovine Enamel as Determined by an Ultrasonic Device

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Effect of CPP-ACP Paste on Mechanical Properties of Bovine Enamel as Determined by an Ultrasonic Device

Kanako Yamaguchi et al. J Dent.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste on demineralization of bovine enamel by measuring changes in the ultrasound transmission velocity.

Methods: The enamel specimens were prepared by cutting bovine teeth into blocks. The specimens were stored in 0.1 M lactic acid buffer solution (pH 4.75, Ca 0.75 mM, P 0.45 mM) for 10 min twice a day, and then stored in the artificial saliva (pH 7.0). Other specimens were stored in a 10-times diluted solution of CPP-ACP paste and a placebo paste without CPP-ACP for 10 min, followed by 10 min immersion into a demineralization solution twice a day before storage in the artificial saliva. The propagation time of longitudinal ultrasonic waves was measured by a Pulser-Receiver (Model 5900, Panametrics) with a transducer (V112, Panametrics). Six specimens were used for each condition, and one-way ANOVAs followed by the Tukey HSD tests (alpha = 0.05) were done.

Results: The sonic velocity was found to decrease with time for specimens stored in the demineralization solution. On the other hand, a significant increase in sonic velocity was found for specimens stored in the CPP-ACP solution.

Conclusions: From the result of this study, it was suggested that the conditions of de- and remineralization of the enamel structure could be measured non-destructively by using an ultrasonic pulse method. It could be concluded that the inorganic components contained in high concentrations in CPP-ACP acted to enhance remineralization of the enamel structure.

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