Country of origin and race/ethnicity: impact on breastfeeding intentions

J Hum Lact. 2005 Aug;21(3):320-6. doi: 10.1177/0890334405278249.


This article reports on breastfeeding intentions of Hispanic and black women by country of origin (continental US born or foreign born) in a low-income population that has experienced demographic shifts. Data were derived from prenatal interviews with 382 women from 2 community clinics. Primary outcome measures were intentions to formula feed, breastfeed, or formula and breastfeed. Foreign-born women were significantly more likely to intend to only breastfeed (42% vs 24% for continental US born, P < .05). In multivariate analyses, country of origin and having breastfed a previous child were the only significant predictors of breastfeeding intention. In contrast to previous work, black (non-Hispanic) and Hispanic women's breastfeeding plans were similar. This finding coincides with dramatic increases in the numbers of blacks from West Indian countries-where breastfeeding is the norm-in the study locale.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Black People
  • Breast Feeding / ethnology*
  • Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Ethnicity*
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • United States