A Gram-negative bacillus, SMC-6271(T), which was isolated from the bone marrow of a patient with leukemia but could not be identified by a conventional microbiologic method, was characterized by a genotypic analysis of 16S rRNA gene. Sequences of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that this bacterium was closely related to Tepidimonas ignava and other slightly thermophilic isolates but diverged distinctly from them. Analyses of cellular fatty acid composition and performance of biochemical tests confirmed that this bacterium is a distinct species from the other Tepidimonas species. Based on the evaluated phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, it is proposed that SMC-6271T (=ABB 0301T =KCTC 12412T =JCM 13232T) should be classified as a new species, namely Tepidimonas arfidensis sp. nov.