Racial/ethnic disparities in potentially preventable readmissions: the case of diabetes

Am J Public Health. 2005 Sep;95(9):1561-7. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.044222.

Abstract

Objectives: Considerable differences in prevalence of diabetes and management of the disease exist among racial/ethnic groups. We examined the relationship between race/ethnicity and hospital readmissions for diabetes-related conditions.

Methods: Nonmaternal adult patients with Medicare, Medicaid, or private insurance coverage hospitalized for diabetes-related conditions in 5 states were identified from the 1999 State Inpatient Databases of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Racial/ethnic differences in the likelihood of readmission were estimated by logistic regression with adjustment for patient demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic characteristics and hospital attributes.

Results: The risk-adjusted likelihood of 180-day readmission was significantly lower for non-Hispanic Whites than for Hispanics across all 3 payers or for non-Hispanic Blacks among Medicare enrollees. Within each payer, Hispanics from low-income communities had the highest risk of readmission. Among Medicare beneficiaries, Blacks and Hispanics had higher percentages of readmission for acute complications and microvascular disease, while Whites had higher percentages of readmission for macrovascular conditions.

Conclusions: Racial/ethnic disparities are more evident in 180-day than in 30-day readmission rates, and greatest among the Medicare population. Readmission diagnoses vary by race/ethnicity, with Blacks and Hispanics at higher risk for those complications more likely preventable with effective postdischarge care.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Databases as Topic
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / ethnology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy*
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data
  • Hospitals / classification
  • Hospitals / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Insurance Claim Review
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Justice*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Whites / statistics & numerical data