The meiotic prophase behavior of three human reciprocal autosomal translocations is presented. Each translocation was ascertained among men attending an infertility clinic. Two involved chromosomes 3 and 5, with breakpoints in different places. Quadrivalents were seen in every cell. The third translocation was a rare t(11q;15q) rearrangement in a 45-chromosome individual with tertiary monosomy. The long product of the translocation was retained in the karyotype over two generations of the family, the short product having been lost. At meiotic prophase, a trivalent was seen in every cell; in 60% of the nuclei, the short arm of the trivalent was closely associated with the XY bivalent. The transmission and phenotypic effects of tertiary monosomy in man and the mouse are discussed.