The yeast Pif1p helicase removes telomerase from telomeric DNA

Nature. 2005 Nov 3;438(7064):57-61. doi: 10.1038/nature04091. Epub 2005 Aug 24.

Abstract

Telomeres are the physical ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Genetic studies have established that the baker's yeast Pif1p DNA helicase is a negative regulator of telomerase, the specialized reverse transcriptase that maintains telomeric DNA, but the biochemical basis for this inhibition was unknown. Here we show that in vitro, Pif1p reduces the processivity of telomerase and releases telomerase from telomeric oligonucleotides. The released telomerase is enzymatically active because it is able to lengthen a challenger oligonucleotide. In vivo, overexpression of Pif1p reduces telomerase association with telomeres, whereas depleting cells of Pif1p increases the levels of telomere-bound Est1p, a telomerase subunit that is present on the telomere when telomerase is active. We propose that Pif1p helicase activity limits telomerase action both in vivo and in vitro by displacing active telomerase from DNA ends.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Fungal / enzymology
  • Chromosomes, Fungal / metabolism
  • DNA Helicases / deficiency
  • DNA Helicases / genetics
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism*
  • DNA Primers / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Telomerase / metabolism*
  • Telomere / enzymology*
  • Telomere / metabolism

Substances

  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • EST1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Telomerase
  • PIF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • DNA Helicases