1. The L-amino acid oxidase of the monocellate cobra (Naja naja kaouthia) venom was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. The molecular weight of the enzyme was 112,200 as determined by Sephadex G-200 gel filtration chromatography, and 57,400 as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. 2. The enzyme had an isoelectric point of 8.12 and a pH optimum of 8.5. It showed remarkable thermal stability, and, unlike many venom L-amino acid oxidase, was also stable in alkaline medium. The enzyme was partially inactivated by freezing. 3. The enzyme was very active against L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine, moderately active against L-tryptophan, L-methionine, L-leucine, L-norleucine, L-arginine and L-norvaline. Other L-amino acids were oxidized slowly or not oxidized. 4. Kinetic studies suggest the presence of a side-chain binding site in the enzyme, and that the binding site comprises of at least four hydrophobic subsites.