Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 4, 17

Teratogenicity of Depleted Uranium Aerosols: A Review From an Epidemiological Perspective

Affiliations
Review

Teratogenicity of Depleted Uranium Aerosols: A Review From an Epidemiological Perspective

Rita Hindin et al. Environ Health.

Abstract

Background: Depleted uranium is being used increasingly often as a component of munitions in military conflicts. Military personnel, civilians and the DU munitions producers are being exposed to the DU aerosols that are generated.

Methods: We reviewed toxicological data on both natural and depleted uranium. We included peer reviewed studies and gray literature on birth malformations due to natural and depleted uranium. Our approach was to assess the "weight of evidence" with respect to teratogenicity of depleted uranium.

Results: Animal studies firmly support the possibility that DU is a teratogen. While the detailed pathways by which environmental DU can be internalized and reach reproductive cells are not yet fully elucidated, again, the evidence supports plausibility. To date, human epidemiological data include case examples, disease registry records, a case-control study and prospective longitudinal studies.

Discussion: The two most significant challenges to establishing a causal pathway between (human) parental DU exposure and the birth of offspring with defects are: i) distinguishing the role of DU from that of exposure to other potential teratogens; ii) documentation on the individual level of extent of parental DU exposure. Studies that use biomarkers, none yet reported, can help address the latter challenge. Thoughtful triangulation of the results of multiple studies (epidemiological and other) of DU teratogenicity contributes to disentangling the roles of various potentially teratogenic parental exposures. This paper is just such an endeavor.

Conclusion: In aggregate the human epidemiological evidence is consistent with increased risk of birth defects in offspring of persons exposed to DU.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 11 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Bishop D. Just what is Depleted Uranium, Anyway? International Depleted Uranium Study Team (IDUST) 2003.
    1. Bleise A, Danesi PR, Burkart W. Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overview. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2003;64:93–112. doi: 10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00041-3. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Mitsakou C, Eleftheriadis K, Housiadas C, Lazaridis M. Modeling of the Dispersion of depleted uranium aerosol. Health Phys. 2003;84:538–544. doi: 10.1097/00004032-200304000-00014. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Bem H, Bou-Rabee F. Environmental and health consequences of depleted uranium use in the1991 Gulf War. Env Intl. 2004;30:123–134. doi: 10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00151-X. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Dietz LA. Contamination of Gulf War Veterans and others. Depleted Uranium Metal of Dishonor, Depleted Uranium education Project; 1997. pp. 134–152.
Feedback