The effect of rosiglitazone on novel atherosclerotic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. An open-label observational study

Metabolism. 2005 Sep;54(9):1236-42. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2005.04.010.

Abstract

Thiazolidinediones are antidiabetic agents that decrease insulin resistance. Emerging evidence indicates that they present beneficial effects for the vasculature beyond glycemic control. The aim of this open-label observational study was to determine the effect of the thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone on novel cardiovascular risk factors, namely, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, and fibrinogen in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. A total of 40 type 2 diabetic patients already on treatment with 15 mg of glibenclamide daily and with poorly controlled or newly diagnosed hypertension were included in the study. Twenty of them received 4 mg of rosiglitazone daily as added-on therapy, whereas the rest remained on the preexisting antidiabetic treatment for 26 weeks. At baseline and the end of the study, subjects gave blood tests for the determination of Lp(a), CRP, homocysteine, fibrinogen, serum lipids, apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, and apo B. At the end of the study, rosiglitazone treatment was associated with significant reductions in Lp(a) (10.5 [8.9-54.1] to 9.8 [8.0-42.0] mg/dL, P<.05) and CRP levels (0.33 [0.07-2.05] to 0.25 [0.05-1.84] mg/dL, P<.05) vs baseline. Homocysteine levels were not affected but plasma fibrinogen presented a significant increase (303.5+/-75.1 to 387.5+/-70.4 mg/dL, P<.01) with rosiglitazone. Although no significant changes were observed in the rosiglitazone group for triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, both apo A-I and apo B presented small significant reductions and the LDL-apo B ratio was significantly increased. None of the above parameters were changed in the control group. In conclusion, rosiglitazone treatment had a beneficial impact on Lp(a), CRP, and LDL particles' lipid content in type 2 diabetic hypertensive patients but not on homocysteine and fibrinogen. The overall effect of rosiglitazone on cardiovascular risk factors seems positive but must be further evaluated.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arteriosclerosis / epidemiology*
  • C-Reactive Protein / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Fibrinogen / metabolism
  • Homocysteine / blood
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Lipoprotein(a) / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Thiazolidinediones / administration & dosage*

Substances

  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Lipoprotein(a)
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Homocysteine
  • Fibrinogen
  • C-Reactive Protein