Criminal (in)justice in the city and its associated health consequences

Am J Public Health. 2005 Oct;95(10):1701-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.063768. Epub 2005 Aug 30.

Abstract

The American system of prisons and prisoners-described by its critics as the prison-industrial complex-has grown rapidly since 1970. Increasingly punitive sentencing guidelines and the privatization of prison-related industries and services account for much of this growth. Those who enter and leave this system are increasingly Black or Latino, poorly educated, lacking vocational skills, struggling with drugs and alcohol, and disabled. Few correctional facilities mitigate the educational and/or skills deficiencies of their inmates, and most inmates will return home to communities that are ill equipped to house or rehabilitate them. A more humanistic and community-centered approach to incarceration and rehabilitation may yield more beneficial results for individuals, communities, and, ultimately, society.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Communicable Diseases / epidemiology
  • Criminal Law / organization & administration*
  • Deinstitutionalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Health Policy
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Humanism
  • Humans
  • Poverty / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Prisoners / statistics & numerical data
  • Prisons / organization & administration*
  • Privatization / organization & administration
  • Public Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Punishment
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
  • Stereotyping
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urban Health / statistics & numerical data*