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Clinical Trial
. 2005 Jun;15(3):252-65.
doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.15.3.252.

Fluid, Electrolyte, and Renal Indices of Hydration During 11 Days of Controlled Caffeine Consumption

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

Fluid, Electrolyte, and Renal Indices of Hydration During 11 Days of Controlled Caffeine Consumption

Lawrence E Armstrong et al. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. .

Abstract

This investigation determined if 3 levels of controlled caffeine consumption affected fluid-electrolyte balance and renal function differently. Healthy males (mean +/- standard deviation; age, 21.6 +/- 3.3 y) consumed 3 mg caffeine . kg(-1) . d(-1). on days 1 to 6 (equilibration phase). On days 7 to 11 (treatment phase), subjects consumed either 0 mg (C0; placebo; n= 20), 3 mg (C3; n = 20), or 6 mg (C6; n = 19) caffeine . kg(-1) . d(-1) in capsules, with no other dietary caffeine intake. The following variables were unaffected (P > 0.05) by different caffeine doses on days 1, 3, 6, 9, and 11 and were within normal clinical ranges: body mass, urine osmolality, urine specific gravity, urine color, 24-h urine volume, 24-h Na+ and K+ excretion, 24-h creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, serum Na+ and K+, serum osmolality, hematocrit, and total plasma protein. Therefore, C0, C3, and C6 exhibited no evidence of hypohydration. These findings question the widely accepted notion that caffeine consumption acts chronically as a diuretic.

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