The prognosis of malignant gliomas remains dismal and alternative therapeutic strategies are required. Immunotherapy with dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with tumour antigens emerges as a promising approach. Many parameters influence the efficacy of DC-based vaccines and need to be optimised in preclinical models. The present study compares different vaccine schedules using DCs loaded with tumour cell lysate (DC-Lysate) for increasing long-term survival in the GL26 orthotopic murine glioma model, focusing on the number of injections and an optimal way to recall antitumour immune response. Double vaccination with DC-Lysate strongly prolonged median survival compared to unvaccinated animals (mean survival 87.5 days vs. 25 days; p < 0.0001). In vitro data showed specific cytotoxic activity against GL26. However, late tumour relapses frequently occurred after 3 months and only 20% of mice were finally cured at 7 months. While one, two or three DC injections gave identical survival, a boost using only tumour lysate after initial DC-Lysate priming dramatically improved long-term survival in vaccinated mice, compared to the double DC-Lysate group, with 67.5% of animals cured at 7 months (p < 0.0001). In vitro data showed better specific CTL response and also the induction of specific anti-GL26 antibodies in the DC-Lysate/Lysate group, which mediated Complement Dependent Cytotoxicity. These experimental data may be of importance for the design of clinical trials that currently use multiple DC injections.