To observe the long-term therapeutic effect of the integrated therapy of radiotherapy and Chinese herbal drugs for treatment of abdominal malignant tumor and explore the applied value of differential treatment during radiotherapy. Sixty cases of abdominal malignant tumor with hyperactivity of fire due to yin deficiency or deficiency of both qi and blood were randomly divided into an integrated treatment group of 30 cases and a control group of 30 cases. The integrated treatment group was treated by combination of radiotherapy and Chinese herbal drugs and the control group by simple radiotherapy. The results shows that in the integrated treatment group, the score of physical state was 23.17 +/- 7.18, score of psychological quality 21.23 +/- 4.53 and total score of living quality 44.40 +/- 11.22, and survival rate for three years was 67.55%, which were significantly superior to those of the control group (P < 0.01). It is then concluded that differential treatment of TCM could play a valuable role in treating abdominal malignant tumor during radiotherapy, which can improve the long-term living quality and prolong the survival time of the patients.