Long- and short-term risk factors in the prediction of inpatient suicide: review of the literature

Crisis. 2005;26(2):53-63. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910.26.2.53.


The prediction of suicide remains a major challenge for health care professionals in inpatient settings. A clearer identification of factors specific to inpatient suicide is required to improve both practice and research within this area. This paper provides an overview of the inpatient suicide literature to date focusing on two particularly salient themes: Long term and short term prediction of suicide. Since the concept of short-term suicide risk dominates clinical practice, issues in relation to dynamic risk factors are emphasized.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Comorbidity
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / psychology*
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Support
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Suicide / prevention & control
  • Suicide / psychology*
  • Treatment Refusal / psychology