Molecular characterization of ENU mouse mutagenesis and archives

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Oct 21;336(2):609-16. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.08.134.


The large-scale mouse mutagenesis with ENU has provided forward-genetic resources for functional genomics. The frozen sperm archive of ENU-mutagenized generation-1 (G1) mice could also provide a "mutant mouse library" that allows us to conduct reverse genetics in any particular target genes. We have archived frozen sperm as well as genomic DNA from 9224 G1 mice. By genome-wide screening of 63 target loci covering a sum of 197 Mbp of the mouse genome, a total of 148 ENU-induced mutations have been directly identified. The sites of mutations were primarily identified by temperature gradient capillary electrophoresis method followed by direct sequencing. The molecular characterization revealed that all the identified mutations were point mutations and mostly independent events except a few cases of redundant mutations. The base-substitution spectra in this study were different from those of the phenotype-based mutagenesis. The ENU-based gene-driven mutagenesis in the mouse now becomes feasible and practical.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods*
  • Ethylnitrosourea / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Mice / genetics*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagens / pharmacology
  • Spermatozoa / drug effects*


  • Mutagens
  • Ethylnitrosourea